Personally, I think growing my own onions was the best choice I could have made. I can choose to grow what varieties of onions I want and I can make sure that they are organical and healthy for my family. Thus, I figure it out that I might share with you the entire step-by-step guide so you can grow your own onions too. From seeds to plant in your garden. Keep reading and see how easy the whole process is. And you can have the healthiest benefits from growing your onions at home in your small garden.
Hence, once you decide what kind of onions you want to grow in your garden, you need to buy a fresh bag of seeds. Thus, it is best to start your seedlings in spring. However, if you face winter, you should start the seedlings off indoors 10 weeks before your last frost date.
2. The type of containers you need
Next, you should choose a container that has a good drainage. Furthermore, you need to make sure there is also enough room for 3 inches of dirt. I found out that seedlings will grow perfectly in recycled fruit containers. The reason is that these kinds of containers are usually 4 inches deep. And, most importantly, these containers have lots of holes for drainage.
3. Planting the seedlings
First of all, you need to wet the seeds and then fill the containers with soil. Next, sprinkle the seeds evenly on top of the soil. After this, you should mist them lightly with water, making sure you cover them with about 1/8 inch thick layer of seed-starting mix. Then, cover the seeds with the soil and start patting them down gently with your hand.
4. How to take care of seedlings
You should cover the seedling trays using a plastic bag. That way, you will be able to keep the moisture inside while placing the trays in a warm location. For example, I put them near the stove and on top of the fridge. The warm location will make for a great germination stimulating.
Then, after the seeds have sprouted, take off the plastic bag responsible for the humidity and start moving the trays in a much cooler place. However, they would still need their light and the soil moist and fertilized. Thus, you can use a compost tea or a fish emulsion.
Furthermore, start trimming the baby onion leaves to 3 inches long. This is necessary because you want to keep the plants from getting too heavy. Moreover, your onions’ roots will also get more nutrients.
5. Transplanting your onions in the garden
Before transplanting your onions in the garden, make sure they are hard. The outdoor is a different environment and they need to adjust to it gradually into the sunlight. Not to mention, the temperature and humidity are also different, so make sure they begin to harden off.
Then, place the onions in a sheltered location out of direct sunlight and wind. Allow them to adjust to the new environment by letting them there for 2-3 hours on the first day. after the first trial, adjust and increase the time outside, little by little each day.
The onions will be perfect for transplanting in the garden when they reach 4 inches in height. However, before doing that, you also need to prepare their environment. A proper environment means that you get rid of weeds and rocks, you do the tilling and the soil is ready with a fertilizer rich in phosphorus. Furthermore, you can also add organic material such as rotted manure, compost, or grass clippings.
Now, the moment you’ve been waiting for, transplanting the onions. First off, start raking the soil with a fork so it can loosen a bit and then make some holes for planting. Next, plant the onions in those holes, around ½ inch deep into the soil, making sure they are about 6 inches apart, according to the bulbs’ size. Big bulbs will obviously need more space than the smaller ones.
That’s it, a step-by-step guide to growing your own onions in the garden from seeds.